The passion fruit or passionfruit as it is called in Australia and New Zealand is one of the most common backyard fruits. It is sweet and has excellent nutritional value that will contribute vastly to the good health of your family. Passion fruit farming, as a result, is one of the most profitable horticultural ventures that one can engage in.
Passion Fruit Farming Tips
There are various ways in which you can grow your passion fruit. There are people who will grow it from a seed but most farmers rather prefer growing them grafted plants or transplants. Passion fruit not only gives it sweet passion fruits but it can also be a nice ornamental plant when it is grown in your backyard. Its large purple and white flowers will contribute to the aesthetics of your outdoor areas or gardens and it also produces its much beloved purple black fruits.
How to Get Started With Passion Fruit Farming
In order to ensure good growth as well as bountiful harvest for your passion fruit, it is important to plant them in a sunny and frost-free area and then give them lots of tender loving care. In order to grow lavishly and produce lots of fruits, passion fruits will need to develop an extensive root network so you need to give them lots of space for the root development.
Additionally, the surrounding area where you are doing passion fruit farming should be kept free of weeds and various other competing plants that might deplete the soil of important nutrients. Give the passion fruit vines enough space to climb. A single passion fruit can reach a length of up to 2.5m across and will be several meters high.
Some of the most ideal places where you can grow your passion fruits include along wire fences or even across a balcony. You can also grow them over a pergola so that they can offer you shade throughout the year.
Growing Passion Fruit Along a Sunny Wall or Fence
In case you are planning to grow your passion fruit along a sunny wall or fencing, then it is important to install the wire, trellis or mesh that will provide support for the tendrils. Take into account the root system of the passion fruits knowing that will require deep soils in order to support the extensive network of root system for your passion fruits.
The fertilizer much should be spread over the entire root system of the passion fruit plant. Passion fruit plants can adequately survive on organic fertilizers such as the pelletised chicken manure. You can also use any other kinds of fertilizers which are designed to promote the flowering as well as the fruiting of the passion fruits. The fertilizers should be applied during spring and then after every four weeks during the summers. When applying fertilizers to the passion fruit plants, make sure that you water the plant well.
In order for a newly planted passion fruit plant to hit its full fruiting size, you are likely to wait for between 12 and 18 months.
Watering and Pruning Your Passion Fruit
The passionfruit vines generally do very well where they are well-watered. Water is especially important when they have been newly planted as well as when the passion fruit is flowering and beginning to form the passion fruit.
Unlike other vines with extensive stem network, passion fruit plants do not require any unique pruning techniques in order for them to begin producing the passion fruit. The pruning can be performed in order to control their spread as well as their size. The pruning also allows sunlight to filter through the passion fruit vines so as to help in ripening the passion fruit.
When the passion fruits are pruned, they will begin experiencing a strong new growth that will help in the production of fruit. Where the passion fruit plants are fairly well established and have also fruited, it is important to have them pruned before flowering. This will get rid of excessive growth and prevent the huge tangling of the stems when they are developing naturally.
Before cutting any stem, follow it carefully in order to ensure you are not getting rid of a major stem that is likely to produce fruit. If there is excessive growth, you can tie this to the support or trellis. Alternatively, you can simply cut off the branches that are wayward.