Passionfruit is one of the most popular horticultural crops. It is fairly easy to grow and manage and gives good yields within a period of 8 to 12 months. There are different yellow and purple passion fruit varieties that you can also grow depending on your elevation and local climate.
To get the best passion fruit yields, it is advisable to follow certain best practices in passion fruit planting. The propagation can be achieved through prop grafted prop gules, cloning or even seeds. Grafting is generally the most preferred option for growing your passion fruits.
By following the best practices in passionfruit farming, it is possible to harvest as much as 10 tons of passion fruits in a single season and this can fetch lots of money in the market.
Here are some of the best practices that you should keep in mind if you are looking for optimal passionfruit yield:-
To extract the seeds, collect healthy and mature fruits from the parent passionfruit plant and scoop the seeds from the ripe fruits. Put the extracted seeds in water for about 3 days so as to separate the seeds from the pulp. Dry the seeds under a shade and store them in a cool and dry dark place. This will ensure there is no loss in the viability of the seeds.
The passionfruit seeds can either be planted in a prepared seed bed or wide bags measuring 6cm that are filled with sterilized soil. The soil sterilization can be achieved by passing steam through the soil. This will kill off the parasitic nematodes and other soil-borne pathogens that cause diseases.
You can prepare the land by slashing way the shrubs and tall grasses. Alternatively, you can use herbicides in order to get rid of the weeds. Then dig 30cm by 30cm holes on the garden. The soil that is scooped from the hole should be mixed with some manure and then poured back into the hole.
The spacing for the holes should be 3cm by 3cm apart. With this, an acre of land will accommodate anywhere from 550 to 600 passionfruit plants.
When you are planting the passionfruit seedlings, open a small hole in each of the holes and add 5 grams of fertilizer such as a diammonium phosphate fertilizer and cover this slightly. Then plant your passionfruit seedlings on the hole.
The passion fruit seedlings should be planted at the onset of rains and the planting should be done early in the morning or late in the evening. This will help reduce the heat stress on the plants. Plant the passion fruit seedlings in an area that receives sufficient sunlight.
Fertilizing the Gardens
A month after planting, you can apply a nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium fertilizer. This should be applied in a ring that is dug around the plant. The application should be done every two months until the passion fruits reach the flowering point.
After the passion fruit plants have started flowering, apply only the potassium fertilizers as these will help in the flower formation.
Best Farm Practices When Growing Passion Fruits
There are certain farm practices that you will need to incorporate for the optimal growth of your passionfruit plants. These include trellising the plants and running plastic ropes around the poles and sideway trellising systems. The ropes should be running horizontally while the passion fruit plants should spread sideways.
There is advantage with using sideways trellising. It will allow the passionfruit plants to spread optimally and this will allow room for the plants to be exposed to sufficient sunlight. While trellising is a must, don’t make it too elaborate as this will lead to an accumulation of shed which may end up inhibiting exposure to sunshine thus affecting the plant growth.
You should also spray the passion fruit plants with pesticides so as to stop a pest infestation.
Overall, passion fruit plants generally require dedication, care supervision. You have to be on the lookout for any anomalies and correct them to ensure the optimal growth of your passion fruit plants right from the nursery stage to the harvesting stage.