Category Archives: Passion Fruit Farming Manual

How to Grow Your Passion Fruit Yourself

Want to grow your passion fruit yourself? Here are some useful tips to keep in mind:-

The Position of Your Passion Fruit Plants

Passion fruits are a subtropical plant so it is necessary that they are planted in a position where they receive full sun. The plants should also be sheltered from frost and winds. The soil where the passion fruits are planted should be light and properly drained. In case you live in area with heavy soils, consider planting your passion fruit plants in containers. We advise adding in an excellent quality potting mix that has been formulated well for the containers where you plan on planting your passion fruits.

Planting Your Passion Fruit

Plant your passion fruit when all the frost has subsided. If you are living in temperate climates, the best time to plant your passion fruit would be during spring. Before you plant the passion fruit, add a slow dripping citrus fertiliser in the bottom of the hole. Make sure you firm the soil well and also water the soils well.

Passionfruit Plantation
Passionfruit Plantation

Watering Passion Fruit Plant

Passion fruit is a vigorous tropical plant that will develop an extensive network of root system but they won’t go very deep. The roots will be fairly shallow. Make sure you carry out frequent watering but without flooding the soil. Too much water is not advised for your passion fruit. Add a little water and to help in retaining the moisture, add some mulching at the root system. The watering should be done during the flowering and fruiting phase. When watering, keep the water from getting to the foliage so as to prevent the formation of fungal problems.

Adding fertilisers

Passion fruit plants, being vigorous, are also heavy feeders. Feed them sparingly with a slow release Citrus fertiliser. During their fruiting phase, you can also feed them with a liquid fertiliser.

Training and Pruning Your Passion Fruit

The passion fruit plants should be trained early on. This will allow them to create a strong framework upon which other lateral branches will sprout and bear the fruit. After planting the passion fruit vine, it is advisable to get rid of the side shoots so that you can train the main shoot or the leader towards the trellis so as to ensure excellent support.

After the growing tip has sprouted a bit, pinch out the growing tip so as to allow the sprouting of the laterals. If you live in a temperate climate, never prune during the winter. In much of South East Asia and even Australia, the best time to prune your passion fruit plants would be around October or November.

During the early pruning, you are going to lose a few flowers and possibly fruits but the passion fruit plants have a very vigorous growth so they will more than make up for any losses.

Fruits

The passion fruit plants generally bear fruits in a very short period of time, on average 8 to 9 months. Your passion fruit plants will ripen from around mid summer. The passion fruit plants will be ripe when their skins turn to purple or yellow depending on the variety of the passion fruit plant. During the summers, consistent watering is also necessary so as to prevent the passion fruits from dropping off the plant prematurely. Less water for the plant will also lead to wrinkled fruits.

Passion fruit plants are fairly easy to grow if you follow the right procedures. Check out our Passion Fruit Farming Guide for comprehensive guidance on how to grow your passion fruit plants. You can order your copy via PayPal by paying $10 to freerangefarming.info@gmail.com.

Passion Fruit Growing Guide: Get High Yields From Your Passion Fruits

Passion fruits are no longer just a tropical fruit. The demand for these delicious and healthy fruits is increasing across many countries. Many consumers are discovering the benefits of these fruits and that means farmers now have a bigger market where they can sell their passion.

Passion fruits are a perennial vine and once you have planted and taken great care of the plant, you are going to harvest them for many years to come depending on your plant management.

The good thing is that the passion fruit plants can also be intercropped with many other plants such as strawberries, beetroots, onions and vegetables among others.

The most popular passion fruit cultivars are the yellow passion fruit cultivars and the purple passion fruit cultivars.

Purple Passion Fruit Varieties

Purple passion fruit varieties are suited for the altitudes of 1100m to 2500m above sea level. The purple passion fruit variety generally has a sweeter aroma. Some of the popular purple passion fruit variety include Black night, Frederick, Red Rover, Purple Giant, Kahuna and Paul Ecke passion fruit variety.

Panama Red Passionfruit
Panama Red Passionfruit

Yellow Passion Fruit Varieties

The yellow passion fruit varieties ate generally better suited for the lower altitudes like the coastal lowlands. This variety of passion fruit is hardier and grows more vigorously compared to purple passion fruit. It is relatively acidic and also has a larger diameter. The yellow passion fruit varieties are better suited for fruit extraction.

Yellow Passion Fruit Variety
Yellow Passion Fruit Variety

Since the yellow passion fruit varieties are generally more resistant to a variety of diseases affecting passionfruits, they are commonly used as a rootstock for purple passionfruit varieties during grafting and propagation.

Soil Preparation and Planting

For passion fruit growing, you need to prepare very fine soil texture. Because passion fruits are very susceptible to nematodes and other disease causing agents so the soil where you will grow your passion fruit plants should be properly sterilised.

There are very ways to sterilise the soil:-

  • Solarisation
  • You can sterilize the soil by using fumigation techniques

There are various other techniques that you can use to sterilize the soil. Check out our Passion Fruit Farming Guide and get comprehensive information on how to sterilize your passion fruit plants.

By solarisation, the soil is exposed to several hours of sunshine on a regular basis. This can be followed by adding beneficial micro-organisms on the soil or simply using compost on the soil surface. Adding beneficial micro-organisms is important because solarisation will kill everything in its path-both beneficial and harmful micro-organisms.

Grafting

Grafting offers you the best planting method to get good results from your passion fruit plants. As discussed, the yellow passion fruit forms the best root stalk for grafting your passion fruit plants, whether purple or yellow passion fruit.

The graft union should not be covered with soil to prevent the whole plant from rotting. The newly planted seedlings should then be watered adequately to allow them to sprout well.

For more comprehensive on successful passion fruit farming, check out our passion fruit farming guide.

The Simple Guide to Passion Fruit Farming in Uganda

Passion fruit is a fairly popular fruit grown in Uganda, especially in the districts of Kasese and Masaka. There is low barrier to entry for passion fruit farming. It is easy to grow and manage in general if you follow the right steps. Within 8 to 12 months and with the right varieties, you should be able to begin harvesting your fruits. Here is a simplified guide on passion fruit farming in Uganda:-

Passion Fruit Varieties to Grow in Uganda

There is the traditional purple skinned passion fruit variety as well as modern hybrid purple variety of passion fruit. Here is a look at the main passion fruit varieties that you can grow in Uganda:-

  • The purple Grandilla passion fruit variety:b This variety of passion fruit is known for its sweet scent and flavours. It is also known as Kasese passion fruit, Masaka passion fruit or simply the Kenyan passion fruit variety.
  • Kawanda Hybrid passion fruit variety: This is a highly resistant hybrid passion fruit variety that is a cross between the yellow passion fruit variety and the local purple passion fruit variety.
  • Yellow passion fruit variety: The yellow passion fruit variety is highly popular, especially in Kenya where it is rapidly growing in popularity. It is very aromatic but also more acidic.

 

What are the Soil Requirements for Passion Fruit Farming?

Passion fruits need to be planted in sandy loams that are fairly fertile with lots of mineral supply for you to attain the best yields from your farm. If these conditions do not exist naturally, you can create them artificially using a mixture of sand, compost and artificial fertilizers. The suitable soil PH range should be in the region of 6.0 to 6.5.

Propagation of Passion Fruits in Uganda

Passion fruits should be propagated using stem cuttings, seeds or they can simply be grafted onto prop gules.

Planting the Passion Fruit

Here are some tips to keep in mind when planting your passion fruit in Uganda:-

  • Dig a hole with a depth of at least 1 feet and a width of 2 feet.
  • Make sure the holes where you will be planting the passion fruits is well fertilized.
  • It is advisable to prepare the land and open the planting holes a few months in advance so as to kill off the pests and diseases.
  • The mix the top soil with the compost and put it back.
  • Add the relevant fertilizers such as NPK and CAN to further boost the soil fertility.
  • Trellis the plants. The poles should be placed at least 6m apart in the spaces between the passion fruit plants.
  • Do some companion planting or intercropping with some “light” vegetables such as strawberries, carrots or green pepper. Avoid heavy feeders such as maize, and bananas.

 

Harvesting Your Passion Fruits

Your passion fruits will be ready for harvesting after eight to twelve months. This is especially so for the purple variety of passion fruits. Start picking the fruits as soon as they turn from green to purple when the calyx has dried leaving a small stalk to which the fruit is attached. During this time, shaking the tree will be sufficient to get the fruits falling to the ground.

If you are harvesting for processing, it is advisable to let the passion fruits fall on a soft mulch on the ground. Don’t pluck them up as you may end up plucking unripe ones for immediate processing.

You can collect the dropped fruits at least once or twice every week. In hot weather, pick the fruits early in the morning. Make sure you shake the tendrils so as to release all the passion fruit which may have been stuck in the foliage.

In rainy weather, pick your passion fruits on a daily basis and store them in a cool and dry place.

Marketing Your Passion Fruit

Uganda already has a large local market for passion fruits. If you are looking for a larger and more lucrative market, you can take your passion fruits to Nairobi, Kenya. Look for buyers through Facebook groups and ship the passion fruits to them via transport options such as Easy Coach. Other markets include Tanzania, Rwanda and the UAE.