Category Archives: Passion Fruit Growing Stages

How to Grow Your Passion Fruit Plants From Seeds

Growing your passion fruit plant is one of the most beneficial gardening ventures that you will have undertake. Apart from giving you an abundant supply of fruits that you can eat and also sell in your local organic market, growing passion fruits in your backyard is always a therapeutic and meditative experience. There is lots of beauty and spiritual calm in tending to your passion fruit plants, watching them grow and seeing the beautiful passion fruits sprouts and add vibrancy and beauty to your landscape.

Passion Fruit Seeds
Passion Fruit Seeds

The passion fruit  is vibrant and vigorous plant which with some tender loving care, will quickly sprout and fill out your spaces. The fruit in itself is highly versatile. You can use them to make smoothies and hosts of other delicious treats.

While the most popular and effective method of growing passion fruit plants is via grafting and propagation, some people may prefer or are forced to grow their passion fruit plants from seeds.

Harvesting the Seeds

To grow passion fruit from seeds, start by purchasing healthy and delicious passion fruits from the nearest supermarkets. After purchasing your big, delicious, fruity passion fruit, you need to act as quickly as possible in harvesting the passion fruit seeds. If the seeds are fresh, they will produce the fruits a lot faster.

Extracted Passion Fruit Pulp With Seeds
Extracted Passion Fruit Pulp With Seeds

Harvest the seeds by rubbing the passion fruit flesh on a piece of fabric. Wash the seeds and leave them out to dry for between three and four days. After they have dried, wash them again and now leave them out to dry in a shade.

Planting the Passion Fruit Seeds

Start out by planting them in a container that measures around 90 square centimetres and then transfer it out to your garden. Fill the container with a garden soil and compost mixture. Ideally, the mixture should constitute equal parts top soil, compost and sand to ensure breathability which your passion fruit plants so badly needs. Have at least 10 centimeters of the mixture in your container.

Use a stick to create furrows on the soil. These rows of little furrows or trenches are where you will plant in the passion fruit seeds. Space the furrows such that they are 5 centimeters apart. The furrows will also act as shallow drains that will prevent moisture from draining and causing the rot of your seeds and young roots.

Sowing the Passion Fruit Seeds

Now it is time to sow the seeds. Position them 1cm apart in every furrow and then cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil. After sowing the seeds, water them. Keep in mind that the soil should be moist but not flooded or drenched with water to ensure optimal germination and growth.

Once the seeds are in the soil, spray them with water occasionally to ensure the soil remains moist. The seeds will begin sprouting within 10 to 20 days after planting. After the passion fruit seedlings are 20cm to 25cm high, you can transplant them to the main planting area in your garden.

Here, repeat the same process for growing passion fruit by providing the right soil mixture, watering sparingly, applying fertiliser and providing the passion fruit plant with a climbing or support mechanism.  After transplanting, the passion fruit seedlings will take anywhere between 12 months and 18 months to begin fruiting.

Passion Fruit Propagation

 Passion fruits can be propagated by planting the passion fruit seeds, through grafting on a resistant root stock and via cuttings. The most vigorous propagation techniques are via seeds and grafting. Here is a look at the various propagation techniques:-

Passion Fruit Seed Propagation

The passion fruit seeds should be collected from superior vines based on the quality and the yield. Extract the pulp and allow it to ferment for 72 hours and then extract the passion fruit seeds. Sow the seeds in seed beds that have been well prepared in advance.

Passion Fruit Seed Propagation
Passion Fruit Seed Propagation

Once the seeds have sprouted and attained four to six leaves, you can transplant them from the seed beds to smaller polybags that that contain a mixture of soil, sand and compost. Leave them here for a duration of three months after which they will be ready for transplanting in the main field or garden area.

Passion Fruit Vegetative Propagation

The best cuttings are the semi-hardwood type with a size of 30 to 35cm and with three to four nodes. These make for ideal cuttings.  Put these cuttings in the pots or sand beds for root initiation and then transfer them to the polybags where they can undergo proper root development. After a duration of three months, these rooted cuttings can then be replanted.  The main issue with the vegetative propagation is that it is quite time consuming and not very popular with many farmers.

Spacing and Planting Your Passion Fruits

The kind of spacing to leave will depend on the type of training system that you are planning to adopt as well as the variety of passion fruit that you are planting. If you are planting your passion fruits in a bower system, you can have a 3m by 3m spacing that will accommodate up to 1110 plants per hectare. On the other hand, for a Kniffin training system, a spacing of 2m by 3m would be ideal. This will accommodate up to 1666 plants per hectare.

Passion Fruit Plants
Passion Fruit Plants

Land Preparation

Avoid planting the passion fruits in areas that experience stronger winds. A sheltered site is generally more ideal. Strong wind will damage the passion fruit vines and have a negative impact on your yield but they may also make training your passion fruit a bit difficult. Prepare planting pits that you have filled with a top soil and compost. Do your passion fruit planting on cloudy days at the onset of rains. In India, the best planting time is in the months of May to June at the onset of monsoon rains. In the first five to six months, you can intercrop the passion fruits with seasonal vegetables such as ginger and turmeric.

Passion Fruit Seedlings Grown in Pots
Passion Fruit Seedlings Grown in Pots